On April 1, 2020, the NLRB also published a narrower set of three-part election rules as part of what the board calls its “election protection rule.” This rule, unlike the broader electoral changes, was preceded by the issuance of a proposed rule and the consideration of public notices by the Board of Directors. These changes to “electoral protection” are due to come into effect on 31 July 2020. In the province of Ontario, card recognition was permitted prior to 1995. Since November 1995, a secret vote has been required. A study of 3,564 pre- and post-secret certification applications showed that the certification rate was higher with the use of card tests. After the switch to secret votes, the union`s success rate increased from 72.7% to 64.3%. On the other hand, larger bargaining units were organized by secret ballot. The average size of secret ballot-certified units was 63.1 workers, compared to an average of 36.3 for card recognition. The average size of the bargaining units where the organizational trips took place was larger, even after the secret ballot was launched; 63.1 employees, compared to 39.7 employees in card recognition.
When the card exam was recognized, a union was certified if 55% of the workers signed cards. In the case of a secret ballot, elections are usually held within five working days from the date of the nomination. The study included both private and public employers, but excluded the construction industry.98 The NLRB, which manages and implements the NLRA, is an independent federal authority consisting of a five-member board of directors and a general board. The Board of Directors resolves objections and challenges against secret election elections, decides on issues relating to the composition of bargaining units and hears complaints about unfair labour practices7 The General Counsel`s office conducts secret election elections, investigates complaints of unfair labour practices, and monitors NNRB`s regional offices and other field offices.8 Little research has been done to compare the effects of the certification certificate requirement with the effects of secret elections. However, existing research suggests that changes in union recognition procedures could influence the level of union formation in the United States. Studies indicate that the union`s success rate with the certificate of certification for card cheques is higher than for secret ballots. Unions are also taking more union travel as part of the map review. The union`s pass rate in certifying card cheques is higher when a card cheque campaign is combined with a neutrality agreement. The NLRB does not collect data on the time it takes for a union and an employer to obtain a first contract agreement after a union has won an NLRB election. The NLRB also does not collect data on whether the parties enter into an initial contract agreement. However, a recent study found that no contracts were concluded in more than two-fifths of cases within two years of the NRL`s election victory. This is a higher percentage than estimates published in previous studies.
Estimates from several studies are presented in Table 2. NLRB, Annual Report, Fiscal 2009, 29. National Labor Relations Board, The National Labor Relations Board and YOU: Representation Cases, p. 2, www.nlrb.gov. Feldacker, Labour Guide to Labour Law, 57. House, Committee on Education and the Workforce, Subcommittee on Employer-Employee Relations, H.R. 4343, Secret Ballot Protection Act of 2004, hearings, 108th Congress, second session, Serial No. 108-70, September 2004, Washington: GPO, 11. (Hereafter: House Education and the Workforce, H.R.
4343, Secret Ballot Protection Act of 2004.) Identify contentious issues – Unsolicited parties must respond to the petition and indicate their positions in general the day before the hearing begins before the election. The petitioner will be required to answer questions raised